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Writing A Process Analysis Essay

Students panic at the sight of different essays. They get overwhelmed just by looking at the strange names of different types of essays. If you are facing the same situation because you got assigned a process analysis essay and don’t know what it is then you are at the right place.

Essay writing sure sounds like a complicated task, but with the help of this step-by-step guide we aim to make it much easier to understand and craft.

1. What is a Process Analysis Essay?

Process analysis essay is a type of expository essays, where the aim is to inform the reader about each step of the process at hand. Explain the process in such a way that even the most difficult task is easy to understand and perform.

Process analysis essay definition:

“A process analysis essay is a simple piece of writing that answers “how to and what” questions. In other words, it answers what a particular thing or task is and how is it done?”

Think of writing a process analysis paper as writing a recipe, where you point out all the required ingredients with the directions telling what to do at each step.

Remember that the steps describing how a certain process takes place must always be presented in a sequential order.

Here is a detailed blog on expository essay to improve your understanding.

2. How to Write a Process Analysis Essay?

Process essay writing isn’t as difficult as it sounds. All you need to show is how a certain action or process is done. Simply describe and explain the steps involved and you are good to go.

The first step of writing a process essay is to have a topic to write on. You can’t explain how something is done when you don’t know what it is, can you?

You can even craft a process essay on the topic “How to write a process essay?”

How interesting is that?

However, we have a list of some interesting topics that will help you write an informative essay.

3. Choosing A Topic

Most high school or college teachers leave the job of finding the essay topic with the students. If you have the liberty to choose your desired topic then keep the following points in mind:

Go for a topic you are well aware of

Keep your reader’s interest in mind

Narrow your focus

Use words to explain the process instead of pictures

The topic must be relevant to your subject

3.1 Informative Process Analysis Essay Topics

Here are a few topic ideas to get you started:

How can the citizens prevent civil wars from taking place?

How can an addict let go of harmful addictions with the help of meditation?

How to survive College living on a tight budget?

How can one apply for College abroad?

How can we survive recession if governments work together?

How do Muslims pray?

How can one become a millionaire by the age of 30?

How to prepare for a College admission interview?

Explain how our immune system works to protect the human body.

Explain the role of semantic memory in psychoanalysis.

3.2 Process Analysis Essay Topics for College Students

How to move to a different country?

How to start a YouTube channel?

How to make a movie/short film?

How can you have the perfect summer?

How can you grow organic vegetables using biology?

How to make new friends at a new school?

How to stop being an introvert?

How to keep your parents happy?

How can someone become a better writer?

How to carry out research at college level?

4. Process Analysis Essay Outline

In order to start a process essay logically it is suggested that you follow a defined outline or structure. Similar to other types of papers, a process essay structure also comprises an introduction, body and conclusion.

The only different elements here are the body paragraphs, where you don’t need to present a claim and support it with evidence. You don’t have to look up facts or evidence to prove your point as all you are stating is a simple direction.


Open with an interesting piece of information to attract the reader’s attention.

Introduce your main topic in a few words.

Describe the purpose of the process.

Briefly explain why this process is useful and worth learning.

Describe the risks or side effects as well as the expected results if the steps are followed correctly.


Divide the entire process into different steps.

Present each step in a separate paragraph.

Use transitional words to move from one paragraph to another smoothly.

Adopt a descriptive writing style.


Summarize the overall steps of the process.

Don’t repeat the instructions or ingredients.

Highlight the main stages. Give some notes or pointers if needed.

Explain the results.

5. Process Analysis Essay Examples

The best way to learn how to write an essay is to go through its samples written by other students or experts. It will not only give you understand the topic better, but also give you insight of the correct writing structure. Here we have written an expository essay sample to improve your knowledge on this particular genre of writing.

Process Essay on Baking a Cake

Do you want to surprise your mom with a homemade birthday cake? Here’s how you can bake a simple chocolate cake.

Preparation time: 20 min

Cooking time: 30 min

Serving: 4


1 cup sugar (white or brown)

½ cup salted butter

2 medium-size eggs

2 teaspoons vanilla extract

1 ½ cups all-purpose flour

1 ¾ teaspoons baking powder

½ cup milk


Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit

Grease a 9×9 inch pan or muffin tray with paper liners

In a medium bowl, beat together the sugar and butter.

Add eggs to the mixture and beat them at medium speed. Stir in vanilla extract.

In a separate bowl mix together flour and baking powder and add it to the mixture.

Pour the batter into the pan.

Bake for 30 minutes.

To check whether it is done insert a toothpick if it comes back clean that means your cake is cooked.

Let it cool for 20 minutes.

Here is a complete essay or you can use the above given instructions to craft your own:

5.1 Process Analysis Essay Example

5.2 Process Analysis Essay Template

Get Professional Help

We hope that you were able to understand process analysis essays a little better with the help of this guide. If you are stick stuck or need some professional assistance with your essay, our expert essay writers are available to lend a helping hand. Reach out to us today and get a perfectly crafted, A-grade worthy process essay!

Process Analysis Essay: Topics, Outline And Examples

Writing a process analysis essay sounds like a problematic task to do, but in reality, it’s just another writing assignment. In this article, our professional essay writing service will explain how to write a process analysis essay, list some process analysis essay topics and give you useful writing tips and examples. But first things first – let’s start with a process analysis definition.


What Is a Process Analysis Essay?

Before jumping to the How To section, let’s answer the question of what is process analysis. Process analysis is an essay which explains how something is done, how something occurs, or how something works. In this type of essay, the writer is required to present the steps of the process in sequential order, from first to last. All concepts or terms that might appear uncommon are defined.

For Example:When writing a process analysis essay about becoming a better person, you count and describe some actions – from small to bigger ones – like lifting peoples’ self esteem around you when you were young, to becoming a motivational speaker when you’re older.

Sometimes, your professor will assign you a process analysis topic. And sometimes, you will have to pick a topic by yourself.

How to Pick a Process Analysis Essay Topic

Imagine you need to describe something in steps: what would they be? Don’t rush with making a final decision and try to rationalize your choice by following our recommendations:

Pick a topic you have a good understanding of.

Choose a theme that will involve the readers.

Focus your topic on a specific thing.

Make sure you can explain your topic without pictures. Focus on words.

Ensure that the topic is helpful and has practical worth.

Your topic must be relevant. If you decided to write about using a pager, we suggest you rethink your idea.

It’s okay if you don’t have a lot of process analysis essay topics in mind; just focus on the writing process and pick one of the ones we’ve prepared for you below.

Process Analysis Essay Topics

Example essay topics in process analysis include:

How to pray;

How to get promoted;

How to get prepared for college interview;

How to prevent disease;

How to set up a campsite.

Writing a Process Analysis Essay Step-By-Step

Process analysis essay structure is as follows:

Process analysis essay structure

Let’s overview that structure in more details:

The introductory part should explain the actual process and why it’s relevant or necessary. Avoid any unnecessary information such as the background, history or origin. If for instance, a recipe needs tomato sauce, the reader should be informed so. In other words, go directly to the issue and provide only the necessary information.

The next paragraph should present a list of all the equipment, tools or resources necessary for the particular process. For instance, if some ingredients cannot be found in the locality, explain where you can find it, or them. Potential risks or side effects that are likely to occur in the process should be stated so that the reader remains informed. Furthermore, it is essential to inform the reader about what might go wrong and what can be done to avoid potential mistakes.

Then, outline the process in sequential order. If the process requires some steps to be undertaken at particular stages, these should be stated and explained clearly, at relevant points in the sequence. The writer should be very keen to avoid confusion. For processes that appear complicated, the steps should be subdivided accordingly. Additionally, the writer needs to vary their use of transitional words such as “after”, “then”, “next” to make sure the essay does not become repetitive.

The final part should present a general review of the whole process so the writer can reinforce the main points succinctly, without details.

Process Analysis Essay Outline

The structure for this type of analysis essay outline is as follows:


Introduce your topic and briefly outline what the process will achieve.

Demonstrate where this process is relevant or when it is useful.

It’s a good idea to offer a real-world example of the outcome of the procedure.

Main Body:

The processes should be presented in paragraphs.

Perform each step in its section.

Appropriate transitions should be employed for each step.

Be descriptive in your presentation.


In your conclusion, summarize the procedure. You don’t have to repeat all the individual steps, but you need to reinforce the main points and milestones.

Describe the expected result.

Writing Tips

Appropriate Use of Language and VocabularyMaking good use of vocabulary and technical terms can often make or break an assignment. This impacts the degree of depth and clarity the reader can get out of it. Thus, if your audience is meant to be doing the procedures while reading, the steps should be simple and to the point.

Use Chronological ProgressionFor example, if it’s a cooking recipe, it should always include the steps in sequential order, while also indicating how much of each ingredient to add. Additional information like cooking techniques can be added at the end-to be as detailed as necessary.

Video Guide: How to Write a Process Analysis Essay

Process Analysis Essay Examples

Referring to an example can save you time. Our free samples can provide insight into what a process analysis essay should look like.

Hướng Dẫn Cách Viết Reflective Essay

Reflective Essay là một dạng bài luận mà người viết dùng để kiểm tra kinh nghiệm của mình trong cuộc sống. Bằng cách viết về những trải nghiệm của mình, họ sẽ khám phá ra những thứ thay đổi và phát triển bản thân bằng chính những trải nghiệm đó.

2. Mục đích của việc viết Reflective Essay

Cách viết Reflective Essay có ý nghĩa rất lớn đối với người viết. Nó giúp chúng ta suy nghĩ nhiều hơn về bản thân mình và những trải nghiệm đã qua. Từ đó, trả lời cho mình câu hỏi chúng ta là ai, chúng ta đã thay đổi cuộc đời mình như thế nào.

Bài Reflective Essay sẽ giúp người đọc hiểu hơn về người viết. Từ đó đưa ra đánh giá và nhận định xem họ có phù hợp với công việc, học bổng họ đưa ra hay không.

3. Bạn có thể viết gì trong Reflective Essay

Một điều người viết đã học được sau khi kết thúc một môn học

Trải nghiệm thực tế của người viết sau khi đi thực tập hoặc thử việc

Một địa điểm, đối tượng đặc biệt trong cuộc sống

4. Cách viết Reflective Essay

Lên ý tưởng

Một điều bạn tâm đắc nhất sau khi hoàn thành khóa học: như nâng cao hiểu biết về cách thức một doanh nghiệp vận hàng, nắm vững lý thuyết về tài chính và đầu tư

Một bài học quý nhất sau khi bạn hoàn thành kỳ thực tập: như cách làm việc với cấp trên, cách trao đổi với khách hàng của công ty.

Một địa điểm bạn đã đến: Như bãi biển, sa mạc, ngọn núi cao hay những nơi thân thuộc như ngôi nhà bạn đã lớn lên hay ngôi nhà đặc biệt của người họ hàng.

Một sự kiện đặc biệt: Đơn giản như một thất bại hoặc thành công, một trải nghiệm mới hay một khoảng thời gian bạn phải đối diện với những khó khăn lớn của cuộc đời.

Về một người có tầm ảnh hưởng lớn đến cuộc đời bạn.

Xây dựng một bài đơn giản trong cách viết Reflective Essay

Cấu trúc của Reflective không khác nhiều so với những bài luận khác. Bạn hãy phác thảo những phần chính sau đây:

Kết luận: Tóm tắt toàn bộ nội dung của bài Reflective Essay và những suy nghĩ của bạn.

5. Outline đối với Reflective Essay

Thu thập thông tin

Tinh chỉnh tài nguyên thông tin

Viết một bản nháp

Viết các phần chính

Làm tài liệu tham khảo

Harvard Hướng Dẫn Cách Viết Essay

Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear-they offer one idea at a time-they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader’s logic.

The focus of such an essay predicts its structure. It dictates the information readers need to know and the order in which they need to receive it. Thus your essay’s structure is necessarily unique to the main claim you’re making. Although there are guidelines for constructing certain classic essay types (e.g., comparative analysis), there are no set formula.

Answering Questions: The Parts of an Essay

A typical essay contains many different kinds of information, often located in specialized parts or sections. Even short essays perform several different operations: introducing the argument, analyzing data, raising counterarguments, concluding. Introductions and conclusions have fixed places, but other parts don’t. Counterargument, for example, may appear within a paragraph, as a free-standing section, as part of the beginning, or before the ending. Background material (historical context or biographical information, a summary of relevant theory or criticism, the definition of a key term) often appears at the beginning of the essay, between the introduction and the first analytical section, but might also appear near the beginning of the specific section to which it’s relevant.

It’s helpful to think of the different essay sections as answering a series of questions your reader might ask when encountering your thesis. (Readers should have questions. If they don’t, your thesis is most likely simply an observation of fact, not an arguable claim.)

“What?” The first question to anticipate from a reader is “what”: What evidence shows that the phenomenon described by your thesis is true? To answer the question you must examine your evidence, thus demonstrating the truth of your claim. This “what” or “demonstration” section comes early in the essay, often directly after the introduction. Since you’re essentially reporting what you’ve observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing. But be forewarned: it shouldn’t take up much more than a third (often much less) of your finished essay. If it does, the essay will lack balance and may read as mere summary or description.

“How?” A reader will also want to know whether the claims of the thesis are true in all cases. The corresponding question is “how”: How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument? How does the introduction of new material-a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources-affect the claims you’re making? Typically, an essay will include at least one “how” section. (Call it “complication” since you’re responding to a reader’s complicating questions.) This section usually comes after the “what,” but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.

“Why?” Your reader will also want to know what’s at stake in your claim: Why does your interpretation of a phenomenon matter to anyone beside you? This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering “why”, your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay’s end. If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished-or, worse, as pointless or insular.

Structuring your essay according to a reader’s logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay’s ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader’s needs in understanding your idea.

Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material. Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:

State your thesis in a sentence or two, then write another sentence saying why it’s important to make that claim. Indicate, in other words, what a reader might learn by exploring the claim with you. Here you’re anticipating your answer to the “why” question that you’ll eventually flesh out in your conclusion.

Begin your next sentence like this: “To be convinced by my claim, the first thing a reader needs to know is . . .” Then say why that’s the first thing a reader needs to know, and name one or two items of evidence you think will make the case. This will start you off on answering the “what” question. (Alternately, you may find that the first thing your reader needs to know is some background information.)

Begin each of the following sentences like this: “The next thing my reader needs to know is . . .” Once again, say why, and name some evidence. Continue until you’ve mapped out your essay.

Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though-the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one. Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas.

A common structural flaw in college essays is the “walk-through” (also labeled “summary” or “description”). Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. Such essays generally have a descriptive thesis rather than an argumentative one. Be wary of paragraph openers that lead off with “time” words (“first,” “next,” “after,” “then”) or “listing” words (“also,” “another,” “in addition”). Although they don’t always signal trouble, these paragraph openers often indicate that an essay’s thesis and structure need work: they suggest that the essay simply reproduces the chronology of the source text (in the case of time words: first this happens, then that, and afterwards another thing . . . ) or simply lists example after example (“In addition, the use of color indicates another way that the painting differentiates between good and evil”).